Priya Seetal is the Senior Dietitian (RDSA) at SASA.
Brown sugar gets its distinctive colour and differs from white sugar due to the presence of molasses, which is removed during the production of white sugar. Brown and white sugar may taste a little different but they are both contain 16.8kJ (4 calories) per gram of energy and are processed by the body in the same way and become glucose. Glucose is used by the body for energy.
The real differences between the two are taste and the effects on baked goods . The type of sugar you use should therefore be based on taste and preference.
Plants contain varying amounts of different sugars, such as glucose, fructose and sucrose. Sucrose (table sugar) is made up of glucose and fructose and is an abundant sugar in plants.
According to a study publish in Nutrition Today table sugar is exactly the same as the sucrose found in natural fruit juices and vegetables, and is used and processed by the body in exactly the same way. The sugar we add to our tea or coffee comes from the sugar cane which is a grass that contains large amounts of sucrose.
Table sugar contains no artificial preservatives, colourings or any other additives.
The cause of diabetes is due to a complex range of factors such as being overweight, leading a sedentary lifestyle and in some cases genetics. However, like protein, starch, fat and alcohol, sugar is a source of calories in the diet. Excess calories can lead to being overweight which can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.
His study publish in the journal, Clinical Nutrition stated rational reasons as to why sugar is not addictive.
If you are addicted to sugar then eating sugar straight out of the sugar jar would satisfy the craving. Yet, food cravings are most commonly reported for either savoury/salty foods such as chips or sweet/fatty combinations such as chocolate. These combinations contribute to the texture and mouth feel. For example a person would have cravings for a slice of cake more than they would a sweetened carbonated beverage. This is despite the fact that the sweetened beverage contains more sugar than the cake.
Experts from the NeuroFAST Consortium recently produced a Consensus opinion on food addiction stating that “there is no evidence that a specific food, food ingredient or food additive causes a substance based type of addiction.”